- Structural expression
- Natural beauty
- Easy to work with
- Good insulation
- Safe, light, strong and durable
- Wide range of engineered solutions
Timber construction is typically characterized by a multilayered combination of different materials which work together as a system to provide optimum stability, thermal, acoustic and moisture insulation, fire safety and constructional wood preservation.
The flexibility of timber construction methods makes it easier to vary a building’s orientation on site. Timber’s thermal efficiency means walls can be slimmer, releasing up to 10% more space than other building methods. External finishes depend on personal preference; walls can be clad in wood, tiles, brick, or plastered; roofs can be clad in tiles, slates, concrete or metal.
Unlike many other materials, timber behaves predictably in fire, forming a charred surface which provides protection for the inner structure, so that timber elements can remain intact and fully load-bearing during a fire. The fire-retardant detailing of modern timber construction prevents cavity fires and the spread of combustion gases.
Modern timber buildings readily comply with sound insulation standards through using a layered structure of different materials. Even more demanding standards can be met using a number of different design solutions.
With good design and correct detailing, structural wood needs no chemical treatment to achieve a long life. Wood is resistant to heat, frost, corrosion and pollution; the only factor that needs to be controlled is moisture. Timber construction materials are kiln-dried to specified moisture levels, removing the need for chemical wood treatment in interior use. Externally, design elements, such as large roof overhangs and sufficient distance between timber and ground are important.
Architects are increasingly turning to timber cladding for renovations as well as new buildings as a way of achieving a contemporary, yet natural look: a timeless elegance and simplicity. Apart from its aesthetic advantages, timber cladding’s light weight makes handling and transport simple. Used in combination with insulation materials, it keeps brick walls frost free, reduces heating costs and provides a more comfortable interior. Timber cladding can be fitted to any exterior wall, timber, concrete, or brick.
Nowadays wooden windows can be highly engineered components, built to the most demanding thermal and security specifications, with low maintenance intervals and a long service life. Wooden windows have many distinct advantages: they look and feel right, they can be supplied in a number of colours or stains and to a wide range of designs, they are more thermally efficient, they resist ‘cold-bridging’, they can be rectified if damaged, and they are made from sustainable materials.
Greater comfort, lower bills
Wooden houses set the standard for heat insulation, as timber’s cellular structure gives it natural thermal insulation qualities that are superior to any other building material, keeping out the cold in winter and the heat in summer. Wooden houses, built to standard construction methods, easily meet thermal insulation regulations. However, with additional insulation, it is quite practical to build ultra-low, or even zero energy houses using timber. Smaller capacity heating systems mean significantly reduced running costs.
Wood creates naturally healthy living conditions. It is easy to keep clean, helps maintain an optimum humidity balance, helps a room warm up more quickly, and keeps condensation to a minimum.